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The following alphabetized list factually details harmful and even dangerous ingredients found in today's dog food and treats. You can give your beloved pet the longest, healthiest, happiest life possible by using this comprehensive list. Each of these 150+ ingredients listed below are bad for dog's and therefore have a summary explaining why you should avoid foods containing them. In case you want or need more information on any ingredient,  you'll find links to proven reliable, and trusted sources.

We’ve attempted to list the results of every potentially unsafe ingredient that professionally conducted studies analyzed.  We are constantly adding new ingredient summaries and/or updating our summaries –  as more research findings on  unsafe dog  foods becomes available. If you have a concern about any ingredient contact us by clicking  HERE

To help you understand what stated ingredients on a package really mean, click   HERE  

Use our information when reviewing ingredient's on dog foods and treat package labels and  then, If you find ANY of the ingredients listed below, change to another brand or type of food.




Animal By-Products

Are what’s left of a slaughtered animal after the parts intended for human consumption have been removed. This meat processing scrap (also known as "offal") is considered inedible by many cultures and includes waste material like: Feet, Backs, Livers, Lungs, Heads, Trimmed Hides, Brains, Spleen, Frames, Kidneys, Stomachs, Intestines and Undeveloped eggs.   To learn more click HERE  


Animal Digest

Animal digest is defined as “material resulting from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and un-decomposed animal tissue.”  The tissue shall be void of hair, horns, teeth, hooves and feathers, “except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed.”

Animal digest may be found in lesser quality pet foods, often as a protein substitute.  It might be derived from beef or poultry, specifically named or from an unnamed protein source.  The animals used for digest of unspecified source may come from anywhere – including the 4-D’s of the pet food industry – dead, dying, diseased and disabled animals.   To learn more click

Animal Fat (BHA or BHT Used As A Preservative) 

Animal fat is a chemically rendered fat using dangerous artificial preservatives and used as a very low quality ingredient in dog foods. While fats from animals can be healthy for your dog, “animal fat” or “poultry fat” comes from unidentified animals, which in the pet food industry often means "4D – dead, diseased, dying, or disabled – animals." This fat can come from road kill, dead zoo animals, or even euthanized animals. It is often rancid, and its inclusion in your pet's food means that other questionable ingredients, such as non-descript “flavors” will be added to make the taste inviting to dogs.  To learn more click HERE 


If dog food and treat manufacturers really cared about your dog, they wouldn't use anything artificial or synthetic period! Regardless of which ingredient on the package label has the words "artificial" or "synthetic" attached to it be aware that ingredient has been added only to make the dog food or treat cheaper, more colorful to your eyes or to act as a preservative. If price is your only buying criteria then you will get what you paid for; your dog will die earlier than it should of with some horrific malady caused by the compounded effects of those artificial ingredients you have been feeding it – kibble by kibble – all though its life.   To learn more click HERE  

Artificial Flavors 

There are two main problems with natural flavor in dog food. First of all, in most cases, there is no mention of the source of those flavors. They could be chicken based, pork based, or from any other long list of ingredients. This is problematic if your pet has a known food allergy. You simply can’t know if that food contains the allergen or not. Secondly, you have no idea as to the quality of the source of the natural flavor. As mentioned on the FDA site, animal digest is commonly used to extract the natural flavor. What exactly is digest? The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) says that digest is produced by the chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean animal tissue that has not undergone decomposition. These animal tissues may not include hair, horns, teeth, hooves, and feathers, with the exclusion of trace amounts that are unavoidable even after acceptable processing methods.   To learn more click HERE    

Bacon (Preserved with Sodium Nitrite) 

The American Cancer Society says, "When sodium nitrite combines with proteins, nitrosamines are formed. Nitrosamine ingestion can cause cancer in animals over time"   To learn more about these negative nitrates click HERE   

Bacon Fat (Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid) 

See "BHA" below

Beef Fat (Preserved with BHA) 

See "Animal Fat (BHA or BHT Used As A Preservative" above

BHA (Used As A Preservative) 

Here’s what concerns us. Dogs are a captive audience. They have no choice but to eat what we put in front of them. Butylated-hydroxyanisole (BHA) or butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) both are equally potent and dangerous for your pet. In fact, these two are often found in our food too. BHA is another preservative and is often responsible for kidney damage. BHT, even more potent than BHA, is used to help reduce food spoilage. BHT has been directly linked with cancer for both dogs and humans.
Those same potentially toxic substances added to a commercial dog food – and fed every day (or twice a day) year after year is a different matter.
It’s that cumulative exposure that worries us. The additive effect of using any artificial preservative relentlessly — especially when it’s suspected of causing cancer. Better you look for natural preservatives because they are considered to be safer even though they may not remain as effective for as long.
   To learn more click

Blue 1 

Often contains cancer-causing contaminants and may contribute to abnormal cell development, especially in the brain. It is most closely linked to brain tumors. May also cause allergic reactions.  
To learn more click

Bone Marrow 

Don’t give large bones (bigger than his or her muzzle) to your dog if s/he has a predisposition to pancreatitis. Raw bone marrow is very rich and can cause diarrhea and a flare up of pancreatitis. Instead, you can feed a “low fat” version by thawing the bone and scooping out the marrow to reduce the fat content.   To learn more click HERE                       

  Brewer’s Dried Yeast 

If "Brewer's Yeast" or "Brewer's Dried Yeast" is listed  on the ingredient's label and certain symptoms such as these begin to appear you should seek the council of your veterinarian; Bald patches, Chronic ear infections, Chronic gas, Chronically inflamed feet, Coughing, Diarrhea, Face rubbing, Head shaking, Hives, Obsessive licking, Paw biting, Poor growth in young dogs, Skin infections, Skin rashes, Vomiting or Wheezing. These could mean your dog has an allergy to Brewer's Yeast  which is an over-reaction of your dog's immune system to an unwelcome amino acid found in the brewer's yeast itself. To learn more click HERE   

Brewer’s Rice

Brewer’s rice is processed rice produced from the small milled fragments of rice kernels. This separation of large kernels of rice results in many missing nutrients that are normally found in whole white rice and brown rice.   
To learn more click

Brewers Yeast 

See "Brewer's Dried Yeast" above

Calcium Carbonate 

While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, Calcium Carbonate can cause side effects in some animals. It's best to check with your veterinarian so s/he can read your dog's level when s/he does blood work.

Calcium Iodate 

See "Artificial" above

Calcium Propionate

Is a chemical antifungal preservative added to keep food fresh. Due to its connection as a potential carcinogenic it doesn't belong in dog food.

Canola Oil

Canola is not safe for pets.  It is a genetically modified product derived from rapeseed oil, which is predominantly used in China, Japan, and India.  In Canada, plant breeders developed a genetic manipulation of rapeseed oil to make it a more palatable and supposedly safer product, and the name was changed to canola oil.  Rapeseed does not magically turn into canola oil as we know it.  It is cleaned with a chemical component. “The Omega-3 fatty acids of processed canola oil are transformed during the deodorizing process into trans fatty acids.”   The erucid acid which rapeseed oil and thereby canola oil contain is associated with fibrotic heart lesions.  Trans Fat has bee, deemed such a  dangerous ingredient  in human food manufacturers the government has now placed a ban on its use.  To learn more click HERE.

Caramel Color 
Recently, caramel color has come under fire as it contains 4-methylimidazole (4-MIE), a known animal carcinogen. When it comes down to it, artificially coloring or dying food only appeals to humans and not pets. To learn more click HERE

Carboxymethylcellulose is an artificial fiber cellulose powder supplement and a controversial ingredient in dog food.  Not enough studies have been made to ban it entirely but, because it carries a supplement tag, at this time, because it is another artificial additive used to improve profits, we recommend avoiding it altogether.    See "Artificial" above

Chicken By-Product Meal

Chicken by-product meal: Are the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines and organs, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice. See "Animal By-Products"  above  
To learn more click

Choline Chloride 

As a component of cell membranes, Choline chloride supports communication between nerve cells, which helps support your dog’s proper liver function and cell metabolism. Though essential, your dog’s body can’t store Choline chloride. Choline chloride must be present in a dog’s nutrition so that it’s replenished daily and he avoids a deficiency. Choline chloride is a big word, but it's required by AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) to list the chemical name in the ingredients.         
To learn more click

Cobalt Carbonate 

See "Copper Sulphate" below

Copper Sulfate 

According to the official 2015 Association of American Feed Control Officials Publication (AAFCO) 2015 Official Publication, p. 150, a dog food must contain at not less than 7.3 mg of copper3 per each kilogram of dog food. However, any mineral — even sodium — can be toxic in excessive amounts. and the official maximum for copper is currently 250 mg. Some dog food ingredients naturally contain more copper than others — especially beef liver. So, blindly adding copper to any liver-rich recipe could lead to an increased risk of copper toxicity. Copper sulfate can accumulate in the liver of your dog and lead to toxic overdose, That’s why it’s so important to avoid buying food from companies that do not regularly test their products for nutrient content.     To learn more click HERE


Although corn in dog food has generally had the hulls removed and is therefore safe, giving your dog whole corn kernels or a corn cob to gnaw on is a no no. Alarming indicators that your dog might have ingested the cob are: dehydration, lethargy, reduced activity, repeated vomiting, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. If you notice any of these signs, seek veterinary assistance without hesitation.   To learn more click HERE

Corn Starch 

Cornstarch is less allergenic than corn flour in dogs and cats previously sensitized to corn.   To learn more click HERE

Corn Syrup

Corn syrup or any sugar is terrible for you or your dog. Sugars leads to obesity, tooth decay, hyperactivity  and diabetes in dogs. To learn more click HERE    

Egg and Chicken Flavor 

See "Artificial Flavors" above


Ethoxyquin is commonly found in most dog foods, as this is used as a preservative. Does anyone know what this product was developed for? Making synthetic rubber and use as a Herbicide! As awareness has increased around increasing quality care for our dogs, veterinarians began noticing that ethoxyquin is often associated with the development of kidney and liver damage, cancer (liver, spleen, stomach, skin), immune deficiency syndrome, blindness, and leukemia.   To learn more click HERE   

Ferrous Sulfate 

Ferrous sulfate is an iron supplement. The right amount of iron is a good thing, but too much is dangerous. If your dog consumes more iron than his body can process, it can cause damage to his liver, kidneys, heart and stomach. To learn more click HERE

Garlic Powder 

See "Onion Extract/Powder" below

Gluten Meal 

Gluten is not good for dogs, period. If you see no negative reactions today, get ready for a high possibility of disease as they age because gluten causes inflammation and inflammation is at the root of all disease. Cancer, diabetes, cushings, heart failure and the list goes on and on.
To learn more click


Until recently, most glycerin for pet food was produced as a byproduct of soap making.  It’s created when fat or vegetable oil is saponified. Today, a lot of glycerin that’s in food for dogs comes from a much deadlier source.  It’s a byproduct of biofuels.   To learn more click HERE

Ground Corn

Makers and sellers of corn-based foods insist the negative stories about corn are simply unsubstantiated myths and rumors spread around the Internet by uninformed consumers. The truth is, most of the exaggerated claims extolling the virtues of corn actually originate within the pet food industry itself and are unwittingly propagated by naive and well-meaning pet owners.
To learn more why Ground Corn may be harmful click

Ground Wheat 

Whole grains like wheat or the words whole-grain meals. Some of the grain processing products (like corn gluten feed) are low-quality fillers and should definitely not be at the top of the ingredient list – or even on the list at all.    To learn more click HERE

Ground Yellow Corn 

See "Ground Corn" above

Iron Oxide  Although iron is the most common trace mineral in your dog’s body, iron is toxic to cells in excessive amounts. Acute iron poisoning is common and potentially lethal in dogs and can be fatal if not treated right away.   To learn more click HERE   
Lamb Meal 

See "Meat Meal" below


In small amounts, liver is great for your dog. If however, their liver intake is too high, liver  can cause nutritional problems because liver has a high content of Vitamin A.  Consumption of this vitamin in large amounts therefore can lead to vitamin A toxicity, or hypervitaminosis A (Deformed bones, excessive bone growth on the elbows and spine, bone spurs, muscle weakness, digestive issues, weight loss and/or anorexia).    To learn more click HERE.

Malted Barley Flour 

See "Malted Barley" below

Malted Barley 

Malted barley is a traditional sweetener and also is known as barley malt or malt extract.   Generally, it an OK ingredient  offered in moderation, except if your dog has a a wheat intolerance or diabetes.    To learn more click HERE.


There are benefits, drawbacks and risks to using maltodextrin, but it is considered generally safe in normal amounts.  To learn more click HERE

Meat & Bone Meal 

See "Meat Meal" below

Meat By-Products 

Sounds good for your dog so you buy it . . . But, companies are allowed by prevailing laws to use these by-products so they make a big stew of animal parts from ANY animal and cook it hot and long until it dries up and ground into a powder. Meat by-products are not actually meat. They are “other parts” of the animals.. This can include brain, intestines, bone, blood, kidneys, lungs, spleen and eyes. Nor does meat-by-products actually state what type of meat it is, or what the animal by-product is. The problem with feeding it to your dog is that the animal was sick or even died of some disease before it was turned into something you're led to believe is good for your dog.    To learn more click HERE   

Meat Meal

Low-quality meat meal is unspecific and does not clearly identify the type of animal it’s made from. Additionally, any meat meal with the words “by-product” in the name are also a bad choice. For example, lamb meal means the blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are pre-cooked (rendered) and then final cooked along with added all lamb tissues. After cooking, the dried solids are ground up and added as "meal" to pet food.
Also see "Meat By-Products" above

Mono and Dicalcium Phosphate 

 Are texturizers in canned and kibble dog foods and are known to be highly toxic to liver and lungs.     
To learn more click

Mono and Di-Glycerides 


Mono- and diglycerides are emulsifiers, which means they help oil and water to blend. As a result, they’re commonly used as food additives. Small quantities are often added to dog foods to improve texture and stability, prevent oil from separating, and extend shelf life. Monoglycerides and diglycerides are disguised trans fat and trans fat has been recognized by the FDA as a major cause of diabetes and heart attacks. The FDA therefore has made us aware of partially hydrogenated oils as being unhealthy; so now the FDA requires labeling for trans fat content, but only if it contains more than .49g per serving, and only if it comes from triglycerides! Manufacturers of dog food soon found it easy to get around that rule. They simply decreased the serving size, or soon found ways to disguise the trans fats. What they are now doing by exploiting the loophole is to hide the fact they still use trans fat is to use and place monoglycerides and diglycerides on the label even though they contain trans fats.   To learn more click HERE 

MSG Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) – Is salt of glutamic acid, a non-essential amino acid that is harmful to your dog. Glutamate is an ingredient used to intensify flavors in foods. Obesity – Studies with nearly 100% reliability, revelaed that MSG induces obesity in newborn mice which gives you reasons to be concerned about intake of MSG for puppies.  As an addictive neurotoxin, MSG may cause symptoms like chest pain, numbness and brain damage in your dog. Additional dog health dangers are that MSG in your dog’s diet may cause your dog to develop any of these symptoms: headaches, asthmatic reactions, depression, mood changes and irritability, reproductive dysfunction, nervous disorders and an irregular heartbeat.    To learn more click HERE 
Natural Chicken Flavor 

See "Natural Flavor" below

Natural Flavor 

 FDA has not developed a definition for use of the term natural or its derivatives. However, the agency has not objected to the use of the term if the food does not contain added color, artificial flavors, or synthetic substances.” Source: FDA.gov.      Also see "Animal Digest" above.     To learn more Digest And Waste when making natural flavors click HERE    

Natural Poultry Flavor 

See "Natural Flavor" above

Natural Smoke Flavor 

See "Natural Flavor" above

Niacin Supplement 

See "Niacin" below


Common benefits or risks of Niacin. Benefits: Niacin is essential for a healthy nervous system and skin.  Risks: Shakespeare said, "Nothing to excess" and that's true with Niacin. Too much Niacin can cause some problems, like; skin flushing and itching, dry skin and upset stomach.    
To learn more click

Onion Extract/Powder

Onion And Garlic Extract and/or powder are toxic to dogs since they destroyred blood cells and cause anemia, severe kidney and over time, liver failure.    To learn more click HERE 

Phosphoric Acid 

Studies have indicated that phosphoric acid can contribute to bone loss in humans. Since pH can be adjusted with other natural ingredients, and since there is some evidence to show it can be harmful, it's probably not something you want to risk giving to your pet in their food.    To learn more click HERE 

Potassium Chloride 

Salts (clorides) are poisonous to dogs if ingested in large quantities. Dogs who lick their paws after a wintry walk may be exposing themselves to toxic chemicals like potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium carbonate and calcium magnesium acetate that are present in many ice melts.        
To learn more click

Potassium Sorbate (to Preserve Freshness) 

See "Preservatives, Artificial" below

Poultry Fat  (BHA or BHT Used As A Preservative)

See "Animal Fat" above

Powdered Cellulose 

See "Carboxymethylcellulose" above

Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols 

Tocopherols, are a dog safe natural antioxidant and Vitamin E source used to slow the oxidation process of fats and oils to ensure its premium pet food products remain fresh as in their initial state. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that retards the oxidation of other vitamins. If the ingredients instead list chemical ingredients, such as, BHT or BHA to preserve freshness and.or shelf life we suggest you find another brand. See "Preservatives, Artificial" below

Preservatives, Artificial

Preservatives are added to dog food to increase it's shelf life and hence the profitability of the company producing it.  Artificial preservatives are a particularly nasty set of additives that can cause a number of health problems.  The main artificial preservatives you might see are E320 (BHA), E324 (Ethoxyquin), E321 (BHT), E202 (Potassium Sorbate) and  E310 (Propyl Gallate).  These additives are suspected of causing conditions such as cancer, skin allergies, behavioral issues, respiratory problems and eye irritation.    To learn more click HERE   

Propylene Glycol 

If you know anything about auto care products, you may have immediately recognized this. Yes, this is found in anti-freeze! This product in placed in dog food to help reduce moisture and prevent bacteria growth. Your dog needs what is called intestinal bacteria to help absorb and digest the food. Since this ingredient decreases bacteria growth, it also reduces  the “good” growth that is needed. Additionally, it reduces moisture that is needed to aid in digestion. As a result, some dogs may develop cancerous lesions within their intestines or develop intestinal blockage.  To learn more click HERE   

Red 40 And Red 40 Lake Perhaps the most well-known artificial food dye because of it's prevalence and bad reputation, it is tainted with cancer-causing contaminants. You've probably heard a lot about it because it is linked to ADHD and hyperactivity in children. It has long been known that adding artificial coloring to food can have a serious negative effect on children's behavior.  The symptoms of ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) have been linked to the addition of artificial colorings to children's food.  Sadly, the same effect can be observed in dogs including hyperactivity and a reduction in attention span.  Listed as 'E' numbers these colorings are often made from petroleum by-products and can take years to breakdown in the environment.  Dogs are color blind so all this effort of adding artificial colors is for the owner's benefit only.   To learn more click HERE
Rice Starch  See "Wheat Starch" below    

Salt, in moderation, is not bad for your dog. In excess, however, salt poisoning can lead to serious health complications and even death.    To learn more click HERE                    

Sodium Metabisulfite (Used As A Preservative) 

Sodium metabisulphite powder is used as a sanitizer and preservative in wine making (you may even know people who have allergies to certain wines and/or get bad headaches from wine) Sulphites can trigger severe allergic reactions in dogs. Exposure can also cause nervous system damage and issues with circulation.     
To learn more click
HERE.      Also see "Preservatives, Artificial" above

Sodium Nitrite (For Color Retention) 

Generally dry dog food doesn't contain Sodium Nitrite but canned food does. Sodium Nitrite is added to meats to keep the meat red rather than letting it turn brown whenever it comes in contact with room temperature air. Sodium is salt and nitrite a preservative. Research suggests Sodium Nitrite is safe until it is ingested in large quantities.  To learn more click HERE   

Sodium Selenite 

Is an artificial ingredient and not as safe as its counterpart, Natural Selenium. What's more, the mineral’s toxicity also seems to be related to this chemical form used as an ingredient within dog food recipes.     To learn more click HERE 

Sorbic Acid (a Preservative) 

Artificial preservatives are attractive to food producers because they are less expensive than natural preservatives and they preserve foods for longer. The downside is that many artificial preservatives have been linked to health problems, including cancer.  See "Preservatives" above

Soy Flour 

The ingredient label might not even say soy, as it is commonly listed as vegetable broth, textured vegetable protein or TVP and perhaps other aliases. Pet nutrition experts agree soy isn't good nutrition for cats or dogs. It’s considered a low-quality, incomplete protein well known to create food allergies and potentially much worse in pets. According to Sally Fallon and Mary G. Enig, Ph.D., authors of “Cinderella's Dark Side:”    To learn more click HERE 

Soy Grits 

See "Soy Flour" above

Soybean Meal 

See "Soy Flour" above

Sugar The simple but troubling truth is the companies producing pet food for the masses are primarily motivated by profit -- not by the health of dogs eating their low quality, biologically unsuitable formulas. Most low-end pet foods are loaded with sugar because it has been proven that sugar is an addictive substance . . . yes, I did say addictive.  Dogs love the taste of sugar that's why it is included. However, There are just to many major dog  (and human) maladies caused by excessive amounts of sugar such as; arthritis, dermatitis, pancreatitis, diabetes, obesity and tooth decay.  To learn more click HERE
Titanium Dioxide 

Titanium Dioxide is a white powder often used as a dough conditioner. Unfortunately, most of the preservatives used in low-quality pet foods are artificial and made from potentially dangerous chemicals.    See "Preservatives, Artificial" above   

Vitamin A Supplement 

Too much vitamin A or hypervitaminosis A, can lead to serious toxicity. While somewhat uncommon in North America, vitamin A toxicity is sometimes diagnosed in dogs that are fed primarily table scraps.    To learn more click HERE 

Vitamin B12 Supplement 

Vitamin B12-Supplement sounds good . . .doesn't it? After all aren't vitamins good for dogs? Yes they are but, only when they are natural. A supplement could be natural or, it could be an artificial concoction made in a labratory using chemicals.  That's the case with artificial vitamin B12. It's made in a laboratory using the poison, Cyanide. Don't believe it, then to learn more click HERE

Vitamin D3 Supplement 

Our concern is some supplements are not natural. Others are artificially created laboratory concoctions and there is no available information on what chemicals are used to make artificial  D3 supplements. For example, we do know that artificial vitamin B12 supplements are made with the poison cyanide. It’s also important for dog owners to be aware that vitamin D toxicity is actually much more common than vitamin D deficiency. Toxicity is most often the result of a dog ingesting either rodent bait or vitamin D supplements. It can also occur in dogs with well-intentioned guardians who feel vitamin D supplements are appropriate for their pet.  To learn more click HERE                          

Vitamin E Supplement 
d-alpha tocopherol

Our concern is some supplements are not natural. Others are artificially created laboratory concoctions and there is no available information on what chemicals are used to make artificial vitamin supplements. For example, we do know that artificial vitamin B12 supplements are made with the poison cyanide. On a supplement label, natural vitamin E  is listed as d-alpha tocopherol, d-alpha tocopheryl acetate, or d-alpha tocopheryl succinate. In contrast, synthetic forms of vitamin E are labeled with a dl- prefix. Giving supplemental vitamin E can have a positive impact on your pet's overall well-being but it is recommended only when the dog is found to be lacking in the nutrient. When your vet detects that your pet is having low levels of vitamin E after running a blood test, only then may a supplemental form of vitamin E be prescribed for your dog.

Wheat Bran 

See "Wheat Flour" below

Wheat Flour

Wheat flour breaks down in the dog’s body as glucose (sugar) and can cause an array of problems later in life. Tooth Decay, overweight dogs or dog diabetes can be the end result from eating to much wheat flour. 
   To learn more click HERE   Also see "Wheat Starch" below

Wheat Germ 

See "Wheat Flour" above

Wheat Gluten 

See "Wheat Flour" above

Wheat Starch 

Grain free dog food sounds like a healthy option if your dog suffers from skin and yeast allergies unless the other ingredients on the label prove to be more harmful to your dog and have a negative impact on your dog's gut health like obesity and diabetes because of the starch and carbohydrates hidden inside the bag.                To learn more click HERE   

Xylitol A toxic dose of xylitol in dogs is even less than chocolate! For example, as little as 1.37 grams of xylitol can cause a rapid drop in a dog’s blood sugar (“hypoglycemia”) and result in staggering, disorientation, collapse, and seizures in a 30-pound dog*. If a dog of the same size ingested 6.8 grams, it could be enough to cause a debilitating and likely deadly destruction of the dog’s liver cells. Now consider that it would take about 22 times more (150 grams) dark chocolate to result in the same level of severe toxicity. Xylitol is a sugar substitute which in toxic amounts can be far more poisonous to dogs than sugar and therefore should always be avoided if it is a listed ingredient.            To learn more click HERE   
Yellow 5 

Also known as tartrazine or E102, this dye requires a warning label in Europe. It is commonly found in processed foods we humans consume as well as pet food, it is thought to cause neurochemical and behavior effects, including hyperactivity, aggression, and insomnia. It is also linked to asthma, allergies, thyroid tumors, lymphomas, ADHD, and chromosomal damage.   To learn more click HERE   

Yellow 6/Yellow #6

Has been reported to cause allergies and is linked to hyperactivity in children. Some studies have shown that it has caused adrenal gland and kidney tumors in animals. It is also linked to skin issues, asthma, and chromosomal damage.    To learn more click HERE   

Yellow 6. I-5051

See "Yellow 6" above

Zinc Oxide/Zinc Sulphate 

Zinc poisoning can be toxic and occurs rapidly when a dog ingests a high amount of this compound. This compound is found in many items around the home.       To learn more about the causes and remedies click HERE                 

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